Glossary of Shipping Terms
Accessorial charges
Charges made for performing services beyond normal pickup and delivery. Inside delivery, liftgate service, limited access delivery, residential delivery, fuel surcharge, etc.
Back Haul
Freight secured to fill equipment which would otherwise return to base empty.
Bill of Lading (BOL)
A binding contract between the shipper and the carrier which serves as a receipt for the goods delivered to the transportation provider and a definition or description of the goods.
Blind Shipment
When the customer has contracted with the carrier so that the shipper or consignee information is not given. This keeps the origin location and receiving destination unaware of each other and provides two separate Bills of Lading in which both show the carrier's terminal as the shipper or the receiver.
Bonded Carrier
A transportation provider that US Customs allows to carry customs-controlled merchandise between customs points.
Bulk Freight
Freight not in packages or containers.
Cargo Claim
A demand made on a transportation company for payment for goods allegedly lost or damaged while the shipment was in the transportation providers possession.
Another name for a trucking company who transports freight.
Local hauling between locations in the same town, city, or contiguous municipalities. Usually it is the local movement of a LTL shipment.
Cash on Delivery (COD)
When the receiver of goods pays the carrier directly upon delivery. COD payments should never be made when working with CJC Transport. We are responsible for organizing the carrier payment.
A term denoting that transportation charges are to be paid at the point of destination by the receiver. Shipments should never be paid collect when working with CJC Transport. We are responsible for the billing and payment of all of our shipments.
The person or place to whom the goods are addressed (destination).
Any article of commerce. Goods shipped.
Delivery Receipt
The document a consignee or its agent dates and signs at delivery stating the condition of the goods at delivery. Abbreviated DR or POD (proof of delivery).
The relationship of the weight of a shipment to the physical space it occupies
The act of sending a driver on his/her assigned route with instructions and required shipping papers.
A platform, generally the same height as the trailer floor, where trucks are loaded and unloaded.
The hauling of a load by cart with detachable sides.
The material used in loading a trailer to protect the contents of the trailer from damage. It is often scrap materials such as cardboard, foam rubber, or plywood.
Enclosed Car Trailer
An unpowered, fully enclosed trailer towed by a powered vehicle. Provides a safe and secure environment for the vehicle being transported. This method is generally more expensive than using an open air trailer for auto transportation.
A semi trailer with no sides and with the floor of the unit a standard height from the ground.
Freight Bill
A bill rendered by a transportation line, giving a description of the freight, the name of the consignee and shipper, point of origin, weight, and amount of charges.
Freight Broker
A person who sells transportation without actually providing it.
Freight Class
Refers to the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) and it is the category of your freight as defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). Your shipments freight class identifies the size, value, and difficulty of transporting the freight and it determines the carrier's shipping charges.
Fuel Surcharge
An extra charge imposed by the carriers due to the excessive costs for diesel gas. The charge is a percentage based upon the US National Average Diesel Fuel Index.
Hazardous Material (Hazmat)
Hazardous materials are defined by the US Department of Transportation in accordance with the Federal Hazardous Material Law. A substance or material may be designated as hazardous if the transportation of the material in a particular amount and form poses an unreasonable risk to health and safety. Hazardous material may include: compressed gas, oxidizing or corrosive material, an explosive, flammable or combustible liquid or solid, or radioactive material.
Inside Pickup or Delivery
When the driver is required to go inside (beyond the front door or loading dock) to pick up or deliver a shipment. Additional fees will be charged for this service.
Shipment moved by more than one mode of transportation (ground, air, rail, or ocean). Also called multimodal.
Just In Time (JET)
A production strategy that delivers goods to the production line only when needed, reducing in-process inventory and associated carrying costs.
Less than Truckload (LTL)
Goods weighing less than 10,000 pounds from several shippers loaded onto one trailer.
Liftgate Service
When the shipping or receiving location does not have a loading dock and manual loading or unloading is necessary. A liftgate is a platform on the back of certain trucks that can raise and lower a shipment from the ground to the truck. Additional fees apply for this service.
Limited Access
A service point which may or may not be serviceable pending freight specifications. Additional fees may apply for this.
Line Haul
The movement of freight over the routes of a transportation line from one town or city to another town or city.
Long Haul
A distance of more than 500 miles.
National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC)
Industry standard tariff published by motor carriers containing rules, descriptions, and rating on all products moving in commerce. Used to classify goods to rate the freight bill. The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) assigns NMFC item numbers to all products along with a freight class. This number identifies what you are shipping and its freight class.
Open Air Car Trailer
A car carrier with no sides and no roof so the vehicles are exposed to the elements. This is the most common and readily available type of trailer used for auto transportation.
The number of units received is in excess of the quantity shown on shipping documents.
Part of a shipment.
PRO Number
A number or combination of numbers used by a carrier to identify a Freight Bill.
Redilevery or Reconsignment Fee
After a failed delivery attempt, the carrier will assess a fee for having to deliver the freight again.
A Refrigerated trailer with insulated walls and a self powered refrigeration unit. Most commonly used for transporting food.
Residential Delivery
If you are shipping to or from a business in a residential zone (among personal homes or dwellings) or to or from a residence, the carrier may charge and additional fee.
Reweigh and Inspection Fee
If the carrier suspects that the weight or class of your shipment is inaccurate, they may charge a fee to reweigh and re-class your shipment.
A freight hauling trailer without motor power designed to be drawn by a tractor and so constructed that some of its load rests upon or is carried by the loading vehicle.
The number of units received is less than the quantity shown on shipping documents.
Straight Truck
A pick up and delivery vehicle not having separate tractor and trailer units.
A charge above the usual or customary charge.
A document setting forth applicable rules, rates, and charges to move goods. A tariff sets forth a contract for the shipper, the consignee, and the carrier.
The LTL freight building and grounds where shipments are prepared for delivery or transportation to other terminals.
Third Party Shipment
A shipment in which the person who arranges the shipment is neither the originating nor the receiving destination. CJC Transport is a third party that makes the arrangements for the shipper and receiver.
Truckload (TL)
Large volume shipment from a single customer that weighs more than 10,000 pounds or takes up all the trailer space so no other shipment can be loaded.
Volume Rate
A rate applicable in connection with a specified volume of freight.
White Glove Service
Start to finish service for sensitive shipments or fragile items that require special care.